The entire areas of oil palm plantations managed by the Company are located in the non-forest area and in other land use (APL) area. The plantation areas are also far from the location of protected area designated by the government. The shortest distance between a plantation site and a protected area is 33 kilometers, which is the distance between PT Borneo Indah Marjaya and Nature Conservation Teluk Apar in Paser Regency, East Kalimantan. [EN11]
As a form of support for biodiversity conservation, the Company dedicates a number of places within its plantation sites as high conservation value area.
The Company has currently started a habitat conservation and rehabilitation program although it is still at an early stage of planning the establishment of the conservation area. Several activities that have been done until the end of the reporting period include:
- Mapping the boundaries of conservation area, followed with installation of boundary markers.
- Limiting activities that may damage the ecosystem, such as forest logging.
- Developing information media for public education about the importance of conservation area.
- Conducting monitoring and supervision.
Habitat rehabilitation is developed based on an analysis of the natural ecosystem status in the conservation area by conducting survey on condition of vegetation and wildlife. By the end of 2011, vegetation survey showed a healthy age structure graph, so that the Company made a policy that the habitat rehabilitation can be carried out through natural succession.
Natural succession is natural forest regeneration. This policy is implemented based on the findings of pioneer tree species in a number of conservation areas, including Macaranga sp, Mallotus sp and Vernonia arborea. The existence of these plants shows secondary succession process is ongoing, and if there is no interference, a climax forest will be formed. [EN14]
The Company also helps forest regeneration through tree planting or rehabilitation program. During the reporting period, a tree planting program was carried out on land owned by PT Letawa and PT Karyanusa Eka Daya.
The biodiversity management conducted until December 2011 has monitored and identified 490 species of woody plants, 57 species of mammals, 267 species of birds, 30 species of reptiles and 24 species of amphibians were living inside conservation locations within the area of oil palm plantations managed by the Company. All of the species are spread in Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi. Some species are identified as protected under the provisions established by the Government of the Republic of Indonesia, and the red list of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) as well as a list of the Convention for the Trade on Endangered Fauna and Flora (CITES). [EN14]
As of 2011, the company has conducted flora and fauna surveys in 21 subsidiaries. [EN14]
Overall, 35 species of animals are in the IUCN red list, consisting of four critically endangered species, 12 endangered species, and 19 vulnerable species. Other species listed in CITES Appendix are 71 species and 89 species protected by the Government Regulation No 7 of 1999 on the Preservation of Plant and Animal Species. [EN15]
The Company's mission in conducting conservation is to develop a model of conservation area and biodiversity management in oil palm plantations. The implementation of biodiversity management is in line with the Law No 5 of 1990 on the Management of Bio Resource and its Ecosystem.